Addressing Gender Inequality in the Bangladeshi Workforce

Gender inequality remains a significant issue in the Bangladeshi workforce, but efforts are being made to address this issue and promote gender equality. This essay will explore the progress made in Bangladesh, the challenges that still exist, and the strategies being implemented to address gender inequality in the workforce.

Progress in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has made significant progress in addressing gender inequality in the workforce. The country has achieved reduced fertility rates and gender parity in schooling, which has led to the entry of millions of women into the workforce, particularly those from poor areas [1]. The female labor force participation rate in Bangladesh is 36 percent, higher than the South Asia average of 23.6 percent [1]. The success of the Readymade Garments (RMG) sector, where about 80 percent of the employees are women, has played a crucial role in improving women’s social mobility and driving change in urban public spaces [1]. Additionally, there has been an increase in the number of women pursuing higher education to take on managerial or supervisory roles [1].

Challenges in Bangladesh

Despite the progress made, gender inequality still persists in the Bangladeshi workforce. Women continue to face challenges such as occupational safety and health concerns, particularly in the RMG sector where a large majority of workers are women [3]. The employment rate of women in Bangladesh is significantly lower than that of men, with a 30 percentage point difference [3]. Women are also disproportionately affected by unemployment, underemployment, and vulnerable employment [3]. These challenges highlight the need for further action to address gender inequality in the workforce.

Strategies to Address Gender Inequality

To address gender inequality in the Bangladeshi workforce, various strategies are being implemented. One approach is to engage men and boys in discussions about gender equality and challenge traditional gender norms [2]. By involving men and boys in these conversations, it becomes easier to create sustainable change from within communities [2]. Advocacy efforts are also being made at the local level, working with community leaders, religious leaders, and government institutions to build accountability and enforce gender equality laws [2].

Another important strategy is to promote women’s education and access to information. Improving women’s access to education can empower them to take on higher-level positions in the workforce and increase their participation in decision-making roles [1]. Additionally, efforts are being made to improve women’s access to agricultural inputs and land ownership, as well as promote female entrepreneurship and financial inclusion [1]. These initiatives aim to enhance women’s economic empowerment and reduce gender disparities in the workforce.


Addressing gender inequality in the Bangladeshi workforce is crucial for the country’s prosperity and sustainable development. While progress has been made, challenges still exist, and concerted efforts are needed to promote gender equality. By engaging men and boys, promoting women’s education and access to information, and advocating for gender-responsive labor market policies, Bangladesh can continue to make strides towards achieving gender equality in the workforce.

Learn more:

  1. Bangladesh’s prosperity hinges on gender equality
  2. Gender inequality in Bangladesh: Engaging men and boys to close the gap | Concern Worldwide
  3. Gender equality: A quiet revolution: Women in Bangladesh

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